The ISVR at 50: Making a World of Difference
The Foundation of the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research
Peter O A L Davies
There are few people for whom a flourishing research institution provides a living memorial. That the ISVR was born at all was due to the characteristic and legendary “ten-year vision” of its founder, Professor Elfyn Richards. In the 1950's, as Professor of Aeronautics at Southampton, he perceived that noise and vibration were to become a “disease” of new technology, for which traditional approaches would be no cure. Thus he founded a new applied science, now known as engineering acoustics and vibration. This memorial paper describes the first two decades of both the foundation and early development of the ISVR. It concludes with a brief appraisal of its current activities.
The foundation of the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research in 1963 depended on a number of factors, but primarily it was due to the foresight and inspiration of Elfyn Richards, whose life and achievements we are gathered here to honour today. In the decade before 1962, he had encouraged and directed the development of a major research effort into noise and vibration in the Department of Aeronautics and (after 7 July 1959) Astronautics of the University of Southampton. In the same period there had been growing public concern for the increasing environmental and social impact of noise. This provided the political incentive for the drafting of appropriate restrictive legislation specifying maximum noise emissions for transport and industrial activities generally and for the workplace in particular.
In the mid to late 1950's, the British government embarked on the first major post-war expansion of the Universities, to be directed primarily to developments in Science and Engineering. Richards was quick to see that this provided a golden opportunity to obtain approval and funding for buildings and other resources for the expansion of noise and vibration research into many other relevant branches of Engineering. He was also acutely aware that there was already a serious and growing shortage of suitably trained and qualified acoustics and vibration engineers to provide the corresponding and expanding professional services required by industry and the community.
2. Early Developments
During the 1930's, 40's and 50's a flourishing aircraft industry had grown up in and near Southampton. This included such well-known names as Supermarine, Saunders-Roe, De Havilland, Follands, and so on, supported by many other small companies supplying components. Southampton University College provided lectures and other courses leading to external London University degrees and National Diplomas. The Head of Engineering, Professor Cave-Browne-Cave, who had been closely associated with the development of the engines for the R101 Airship, also published papers on engine silencers in the 1930's. He and Mr T Tanner, the lecturer in Aeronautics, appointed in the mid 1930's, were responsible for the design and construction of an aerodynamics laboratory with a 5' x 5' circulating, and two 1' x 1' NPL type wind tunnels for aerodynamic teaching and research.
Professors Richards and AN Black were both appointed to succeed Professor Cave in 1950, the former as Foundation Professor of Aeronautics. Richards applied his energies to building up research and teaching in aeronautics, aeroacoustics and jet noise. Progress, as you will hear from Alan Powell, was rapid. Professor Richards told me that he had at that time approached his many friends in industry and elsewhere to obtain the funds to support those developments.
The author joined the Department in February 1957 as Senior Research Fellow, having been appointed to this new tenured position from 1 October 1956. My responsibilities included the prosecution of the research work of the Department and the design of equipment necessary for such research. By then the teaching staff of the department had increased to six, with two further research fellows and some eight postgraduate students or research assistants. The laboratory and other facilities had also been extended to include a structures laboratory, staff rooms, a lecture room and a postgraduate student study room. New engineering buildings that had been approved in 1954 were completed during 1959 providing further space and other resources for teaching and research. By then the number of teaching staff in the Department had increased to eight, research activities had been strengthened by the establishment of further research fellowships and assistantships, while postgraduate student numbers had already doubled over the intervening two or three years.
A successful short advanced course on noise and structural vibration in aeroacoustics had been run during Easter 1956 and it was repeated in 1957. This was well timed to provide me with an early comprehensive organized introduction to the current research in the Department as well as its plans for future development. By 1959 it had become apparent to those concerned that noise and vibration was of developing importance in many other branches of engineering. It was also evident that the techniques and knowledge gained in aeronautical acoustics had potentially wider applications. Advanced courses in noise and vibration in this wider context are still repeated annually at the Institute.
Most if not all these developments in noise and vibration research were a direct result of Richards’ boundless energy and infectious enthusiasm. He was a supreme master at getting all kinds of people to do scientifically useful things. For example, before 1959 staff accommodation in the Department was very restricted and most of us had to share small offices (they measured 10' by 7'). He put me with Tom Tanner, the "old man" of the place. His choice was clearly deliberate and intended to be provocative, since within a year Tom had been stimulated to begin the research into yacht sail aerodynamics and low-drag hull design, which were the crowning achievements of his career. Richards was equally a master of the arts and crafts of bypassing the inertia of the system and producing effective action.
3. The Founding of the ISVR
Towards the end of 1959 the Engineering Faculty was submitting proposals for the next stage of government sponsored University expansion for the next Quinquennium between 1962 and 1967. As one of these a formal proposal for the establishment of an Institute dedicated to research and teaching in noise and vibration was submitted by Richards in February 1960 to the Dean of Engineering. This has been reproduced in full as Appendix A since it illustrates the breadth and depth of his vision as well as his challenge to the old guard within engineering who were prone to express concern about the possible dilution of academic standards that might accompany increasing student numbers, rather than encourage growth.
University and Faculty administrative inertia delayed any positive progress until May 1961 when proposals to set up a Noise and Vibration Unit in association with the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics towards the end of the Quinquennium (1967) were finally forwarded by Senate to the University Council. In approving them Council took a more positive and realistic view, so the proposal was modified to read:
“That at the beginning of the next Quinquennium (1962-67) a Noise and Vibration unit should be set up in association with the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics on the understanding that a provision be made in the Quinquennial estimates for the establishment of an Institute in this field under the direction of the Professor of Noise and Vibration Studies.”
Elfyn Richards was not one to wait on events: he established the Master of Science course in Noise and Vibration Studies on which twelve students were enrolled one of them was Chris Morfey to begin lectures on 2 October 1961. The general pattern established then has continued: a course lasting twelve months, with the first half being examined instructional courses taken sequentially in two parts, to be followed by a supervised research project and thesis to be submitted during the three months following the end of the course. The overall performance in examinations and thesis are assessed for the degree.
Just previously to this, he had approached a number of industrial acquaintances for financial support. He obtained from the Hawker Siddeley Group their agreement to support both a Readership and Lectureship in Acoustics and Vibration, from Westlands support for a Readership in Helicopter Blade Vibration, and from Dawe Instruments, a Lectureship. In addition he obtained shorter term support for several fellowships and research assistantships. Philip Doak joined the Aeronautics Department as Hawker Siddeley Lecturer on 1 April 1962, preceded a few months earlier by the appointment of Newby Curle to the Readership. The final relevant event in 1961 occurred on 29 November, when the Senate approved the setting up of an Advisory Committee on Vibration and Noise Studies under Richards' chairmanship.
Again academic inertia intervened and it was not until May 1962 that, under Richards’ prompting, the Engineering Faculty took action to establish the Noise and Vibration Research Unit Advisory Committee. It met for the first time on 23 July, and again on the 4th and finally on 13 October (a Saturday!). It reported favourably to Senate recommending the establishment of the ISVR on 1 January 1963, or as soon as possible thereafter, as an independent department of the Faculty. It also recommended that the construction of suitable acoustic laboratories be considered as a matter of urgency. These recommendations were approved and forwarded by Senate to Council.
At its next meeting on 18 December 1962, Council approved the formation of the ISVR from 1 October 1963. At its meeting on 26 March 1963 it approved the transfer, from the Aeronautics Department to the Institute, of E J Richards to be Director, N Curle (later transferred to Mathematics), P O A L Davies, P E Doak, B L Clarkson and G M Gladwell, with research fellows M K Bull and M J Fisher. The relevant research students and assistants with a number of support and technical staff were also transferred. Finally, at its meeting on 9 July 1963 it set up the Scientific Advisory Committee (see Appendix B for its membership) on 1 June 1994.
From early May 1962, Philip Doak and I had been busily occupied in producing all the draft documents supporting the proposals for the Noise and Vibration Research Unit Advisory Committee Meetings of which I was always a member, while from 4 October he acted as Secretary. We also prepared a draft submission to the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) for a major grant to develop the Institute and its work in applied acoustics and noise control. This was submitted to DSIR in March 1963. This grant having been approved, the Ministry of Public Works were appointed by Council as architects for the new acoustics (Rayleigh) laboratories on 10 July 1963. The whole exercise had taken nearly four years, starting from the preliminary discussions we held in Elfyn Richards’ office on Saturday mornings, towards the end of 1959. The blueprint for the ISVR that had evolved at that time of a balance between professional training and .research in noise and vibration, interacting with consulting services to industry and the community, took a little longer to be fully realized.
The DSIR block grant of £142,000 was scheduled to run from 1 August 1963 to 31 July 1967. Of this sum £63,000 was earmarked for the provision of acoustic chambers and similar facilities. The rapid expansion of the research into new fields, such as structural vibrations and noise, noise and vibration of engines and machinery, and subjective acoustics, indicated that the facilities planned in 1963 were already inadequate. The building grant was supplemented early in 1965 by the Science Research Council (SRC), which had then replaced the DSIR. The final contract tender was for £193,000, of which the University contributed £27,000, mainly from the ISVR reserve funds I had established! The new acoustic and vibration facilities were completed in March 1968 and opened as the Rayleigh building in November 1968. By that time three more floors had been added to the Tizard building to house the expanding activities of the Institute and the Department of Aeronautics, releasing the office space they occupied in the Lanchester building to the other Engineering Departments.
4. June 1963 to 1964
The foundation of the ISVR included the establishment of a Scientific Advisory Committee (see Appendix B) to which it reports each year. This committee then reports via the University Senate to the University Council. The aims and functions of the ISVR which have remained effectively unaltered are set out in Appendix C. Although the ISVR officially came into existence in October, it had already begun operating unofficially by June 1963. As well as continuing the established research in aeronautical acoustics (aeroacoustics) and vibration, new research was established in industrial acoustics and vibration, supported by industrially sponsored research fellowships, contracts and payments for consultation. The list includes road transport vehicles, hovercraft, structural fatigue in nuclear reactors, commercial fan silencing, other machinery and manufacturing processes, building vibration, traffic and airport noise studies, subjective acoustics, the subjective and physiological aspects of noise and in particular of impulsive noise, community reaction to noise, and so on. Another development was audiology research with the establishment of working links with the staff of the Southampton and Wessex Regional Hospitals and with the cooperation of the Physiology Department of the University. These activities were associated with the various members of the Institute, associates and visiting researchers listed in Appendix D.
5. The Journal of Sound and Vibration
On his arrival at the University in April 1962, in addition to working on the DSIR submission with me, Philip Doak was asked by Richards to design new acoustic laboratories for the Institute and act as his aide-de-camp and editor-in-waiting during negotiations with publishers to establish a new international Journal of Sound and Vibration. He was appointed Editor by Academic Press on 4 July 1962 and commissioned to set up an Editorial Board with the aim of publishing the first issue in October 1963. The constitution of the Board was established by October 1962 but the first issue of the journal was delayed until January 1964.
6. Progress from 1963 to 1983
Once established the Institute grew rapidly in reputation and membership as illustrated by the information presented in Figure 1. This shows that between 1963 and 1967, when Richards moved to become Vice Chancellor of the University of Loughborough, academically related staff numbers increased by three each year while research fellows and assistants more than doubled in number with a corresponding increase in the support staff. The original MSc course in Sound and Vibration remained buoyant with a further course in Advanced Acoustics starting in 1964 and one in Environmental and Human Factors in Engineering in 1965. The undergraduate degree course in Engineering Science was also established in 1965 and grew rapidly. Income kept pace with these developments, as shown in Figure 2, although the figures here should be interpreted in real terms that take account of inflation, particularly after 1970.
Though the information was not included in Figure 1 a series of short courses and symposia was mounted each year, two or three of the latter being at the highest academic level. Other specialized short courses were also provided, either in house or at some other appropriate venue on the initiative of the Institute staff or by request. The number of these has risen roughly in proportion to the growth of the Institute from three in 1963, to from ten to twelve annually by 1973, rising to fifteen or more by 1983. Such activities still continue at this or an expanded level each year. Similarly, Institute staff members contribute to many relevant courses, conferences and symposia fostered by other institutions.
In parallel with the research programme there has been a growing demand by industry for help and advice on everyday noise control problems. The demand for such short time projects far exceeded the time that the academic and senior research staff had available to respond effectively to these consulting requirements. With the help of a pump priming grant from the Wolfson Foundation, on 1 March 1968, the University approved the formation of the Wolfson Industrial Noise Consulting Unit within the Institute. Its specific tasks were to provide the main interface with industry and the community, to make available the expertise within the Institute and feed back ideas and specific requirements into the research and teaching programme. The Automotive Design Advisory Unit was formed in 1972 to provide similar services. It was equipped with new laboratories at Chilworth, an extensive site acquired by the University outside the city boundaries, and about 5 miles from the University campus.
In 1976 the Wolfson Foundation made a further grant of £250,000 to provide office and other accommodation for these two units with provision for housing a similar consulting unit devoted to yacht and ship design. The Wolfson building was opened in 1978. It forms a penthouse to the Rayleigh building and thus remains in close proximity to the specialist acoustic and engine test facilities available there. The two consulting services grew rapidly, the professionally qualified engineering staff increasing from four initially to 15 by 1972. Since 1979 these and other self-supporting consulting activities associated with the Institute have been supporting 25 or more professionally qualified staff. More recently, the Wolfson Unit has been renamed the ISVR Consultancy Services.
Amongst other factors, appropriate noise control specifications depend on a knowledge of auditory physiological and psychological function and of auditory damage risk criteria. Such studies have been a subject of research at the Institute since its foundation. Clinical studies and audiology research were encouraged by the provision of a suite of special rooms and facilities in the substantial extension to the Tizard building to which they moved in 1970, forming the Wessex Regional Audiology Centre. Besides providing facilities for clinical research the Centre has become a focus for the MSc course in Audiology instituted in 1972.
The organization of the Institute has continuously evolved to keep pace with its growth. Towards the end of 1965 a group structure was adopted to provide a clearer focus for the associated research and postgraduate activities and devolve some of the day-to-day administrative burdens to senior members of the staff. Each group organizes regular meetings with appropriate seminars for the members, though they are scheduled so that any other member of the Institute may attend if interested. The individual groupings which reflected the current research activities included research in fundamental acoustics and aerodynamics, structures and vibrations, audiology and human factors, and acoustics and instrumentation. Consulting engineers were also associated with the appropriate groups. In essence, this structure has been maintained ever since though the individual components have continued to change and evolve to reflect current activities in the ISVR. By June 1967, for example, there were six such groups, while currently there are five.
Richards returned to the Institute in 1975 and built up a team supported by SRC to do innovative work on the mechanisms of noise from industrial machines, and developing techniques for controlling such noise. He campaigned for tighter regulations in factories to eliminate deafness in all but a very small proportion of exposed workers. These efforts are reflected in current Health and Safety Regulations. He was indignant when he was obliged by a University rule to retire on his 70th Birthday at the end of 1984, since by then his research was clearly self-supporting. However, in 1983 he had accepted a part-time appointment at Florida Atlantic University, which you will also hear about later today.
Effective research in noise and other stochastic processes requires adequate data capture and processing facilities. As well as the development of appropriate transducers such as hot wire anemometers, pressure, force and motion transducers, and magnetic tape data storage equipment, a two-channel analogue correlator had been developed by 1957. This was extended with an appropriate time delay so it could perform auto and cross-correlation measurements by 1959. Further analogue sampling devices to perform similar operations had been developed by 1962. A new Random Data Analysis Centre built around a Marconi Myriad II digital computer provided by a substantial grant by the SRC was launched towards the end of 1968. This was the fastest system for random data analysis in Europe at that time. It was replaced by a new system with visual display terminals distributed around the laboratories in 1974/75. Since then these digital data acquisition and processing facilities have been continuously updated and extended.
To return to Figure 1, it is clear that the total number of members has remained more or less static since 1970. There has been a decline in support staff numbers since 1980 compensated to some extent by an increase in undergraduate numbers. Several factors have been responsible for this. Firstly a significant reduction in government funding for Universities took place in the early 1970's followed by a more severe squeeze from the mid 1980's which continues to this day. The information in Figure1 reflects some of the consequences of such political decisions. The decline in support staff has been compensated to some extent by the growth in digital computing facilities, which allow an increasing automation of the gathering and analysis of experimental data. The concurrent cessation of investment in buildings represented a constraint on growth in terms of office and laboratory space. The problems of effective communication between members of an organization also increase with size, which provides an additional constraint. While the adoption of a group structure was in part a response to this fact, there was an instinctive and empirical, if not formulated, decision to limit total numbers to between 300 and 350.
The record demonstrates that all the essential features of the blueprint which evolved during those early informal discussions on Saturday mornings at the end of 1959, had been firmly established by 1970. In keeping with this concept of a balance of teaching, research and consultancy services the Institute has moved with the times supported by an annual budget of which three-quarters on average comes from external sources.
7. Current Activities
Recently there has been some substantial increase in the building stock for engineering at the University, which has been reflected by welcome modest increases in office, teaching and laboratory space in the Institute. Several of the traditional research activities have been replaced by new ones. The work of the Hearing and Balance Centre has expanded to include the South of England Cochlear Implant Centre operating in parallel with the Regional Audiology Clinic. There has been a modest recent increase in lecturing staff, with the intention that this should be self-funding within the next two or three years, as in the past. As noted earlier, from the outset lectureships had been funded by grants from industry, or government research establishments. For example, Dr Mike Fisher's appointment has been fully funded by Rolls Royce ever since 1968.
Current activities include well established research in active control of noise and vibration, hydroacoustics and underwater acoustics, bioacoustics and biomechanics, aeroacoustics and nonlinear acoustics and electroacoustics; also audiology and hearing research, biodynamics, hand and body vibration and motion sickness; also composite materials, active and passive vibration control, tyre noise; also automotive engine and vehicle structure design, combustion, noise emission control; active control algorithms, real-time signal processing, signature analysis, array processing, system identification and modelling, medical signal processing, and so on. There are developing links with the Southampton Oceanography Centre recently established in Southampton Docks.
Throughout its thirty-odd years' existence the ISVR has had a profound influence on the careers of many people. The raw statistics themselves are impressive: more than 250 PhD's or higher doctorates, over 600 Masters of Philosophy and Science and over 300 Bachelors degrees have been awarded to the members of the ISVR. During that time there have been 400 visiting fellows, some to stay a few weeks or months, others to stay three or more years to study for a PhD.
The academic and research staff have contributed to many conferences and published many papers and reports. The total for 1994 was over 200. Similarly the consulting activities have supported 25 engineers with ten or more support staff over many years; their publications are not normally publicly available, but this effort must have involved an equivalent number of contract reports.
But statistics themselves cannot reveal the profound influence that the professional training, research and consulting activities at the ISVR have had on many communities distributed throughout the world, either directly, or indirectly via its former members and associates. Thus the three principal activities of training, research and consulting appear to provide an effective formula for ensuring continuing success. Perhaps not so well recognized are the continuing and major contributions many ‘senior citizen’ members have made following their retirement. Eric Zepler, the Founding Head of the Department of Electronics, retired on 30 September 1962. In the ten years following his appointment as a research fellow in the Institute on 1 January 1963, he made several significant contributions to the understanding of the physiological effects of impulsive noise, as well as inspiring his younger colleagues. In addition to Richards, amongst others I might recall there were Ludwig Rosenfeld 1969-1983, PhD in 1984 at the age of 80 and Dr Bill Mansfield's innovative work on controlled engine cooling from 1972 to 1980, following his retirement from the directorship of the British Internal Combustion Engine Research Association. At present, Douglas Robinson, who retired from the NPL in 1981, is still actively contributing as a Visiting Professor. Among Emeritus Professors, Philip Doak is still Editor of the Journal of Sound and Vibration with its main editorial offices at the Institute. Denys Mead and I have offices adjacent to Philip’s, while I have shared laboratory facilities elsewhere in the ISVR and am happily involved, more or less full time, in postgraduate teaching, research and consulting. It seems, as a young colleague remarked recently, that the ISVR is such a good place to be that one really does not want to leave.
The spirit of Elfyn Richards lives on and the vitality, enthusiasm and friendly cooperation he bequeathed to us still continues to flourish as a partnership of academic, industrial, government and community interests. He more than once warned that in his experience there was a tendency for a research establishment to age with its staff. Happily there is no sign of that yet, but who would be so bold to expect it of the ISVR?
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON
|Memorandum from: Professor E.J. Richards||To: Professor P.B. Morice|
Institute of Noise Research
During the past few weeks, the thought of a “Noise Research Institute” has been formulating itself among my colleagues and myself and I am now in a position to write to you formally to ask that it be discussed by the Faculty Board and added to our Quinquennial proposals.
Reasons for such an Institute
1. We are doing work on noise, acoustic fatigue, underwater noise, fan noise and turbulence of a kind which is not duplicated anywhere in the country, even though it is recognised as a national need, and has been ignored by Aeronautical Establishments because of lack of staff and by Acoustical Establishments in that it is not pure acoustics. Representatives of D.S.I.R. are aware of this omission and are likely to back such an Institute.
2. The University is based on undergraduate teaching, with permanent lecturers appointed only if an undergraduate need is being met. Thus the prosecution of noise research lies in the hands of one or two permanent staff supported by research fellows and assistants of a strictly temporary kind. The electronics support needed for the work is also temporary, thereby placing the onus of continuity of research needed nationally on the continued interest and enthusiasm of one or two people only.
3. We are in receipt of some £30,000 per annum for this work and are required to write progress reports, scientific reports, etc., with little or no University support. Thus the secretarial appointments are also temporary with little continuity. With a promise of an additional £30,000 possible from D.S.I.R., a far more permanent system should be planned.
4. The work is of an interdepartmental nature quite often and we would like to encourage inter- departmental contacts, with Mathematics on Stochastic Processes, with Electronics on Instrumentation, Physiology on Subjective Aspects and Physics on Pure Acoustics.
5. The need for research into noise is likely to grow with the years, as more and more power is made available in industry. Thus, we envisage no drying up of topics for a very long period in the future.
6. There is a serious shortage of modern acousticians and vibration engineers. Thus such an Institute would run a one-year postgraduate degree of diploma as part of its activities. We cannot, at present, contemplate such a course with the large proportion of interested staff being temporary appointments.
Nature of such an Institute
The essential feature of establishing an Institute would be the establishment of some permanent members of staff who would only lecture to undergraduates as an occasional service. Their main duties would lie in teaching at postgraduate level and in prosecuting research. Thus while some or all of the cost could be recouped by the University from Contracts and Grants, the University would be committed to support some percentage of scientific and secretarial staff if outside aid were to cease. This is in keeping with the proposals already being made for the taking over of long term D.S.I.R. grants by the Universities (with the aid of U.G.C.).
With regard to accommodation, we can manage for a short time with the new Aero. building now being commissioned, but a new building would be required in some four years' time. Thus, we should include this as an urgent need in our new Quinquennial plans. I do not mind whether such a building is separate or not, since it is clear that the growth of our Faculty is going to be such as to require large increases in accommodation and site availability etc. is the crucial issue. One of two top floors of Phase II, provision for which was made following my own suggestion, might be the correct answer, since its environment may be too noisy for lectures while the large wind tunnel is running. Alternatively, a new site in the allotments or on the West site may be more feasible.
This would need to grow with the years, but one estimate would be, as follows:
|1 Director||£ 3500|
|3 Readers||£ 7000|
|5 Lecturers or Research Fellows||£ 7000|
|5 Experimental Officers||£ 5000|
|7 Technicians of various grades||£ 5000|
|3 Secretaries - Department||£ 1500|
|20 Research Students||£10000|
We already have grants worth some £30,000 from five sources. We would not proceed without promises of additional help from D.S.I.R. of a somewhat similar sum and would also try to obtain Readerships from industry. Some of the above appointments would in any case be existing ones for the time being.
Inclusion in Quinquennial Plan
I feel that it is imperative that while our standards will unquestionably diminish by our undergraduate expansion, we must emphasise the urgency less clearly seen throughout the University, of developing one- year postgraduate courses, postgraduate research institutes and the like, in order to raise the upper level of scholarship within the Faculty. I hope, therefore, that the Faculty will back this clear cut proposal and add it with others to the general plans as now envisaged.
16th February l960
SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY COMMITTEE
The Deputy Vice-Chancellor
The Dean of the Faculty of Engineering
The Director of the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research
Dr P.O.A.L. Davies
Dr B.L. Clarkson
Mr W. Allen, B.Arch., A.R.I.B.A., Principal, Architectural Association School
Professor R.E.D. Bishop, University College, London
Professor W. Burns, Charing Cross Hospital Medical School
Dr A. Fogg, Motor Industry Research Association
Dr A. King, A.E.I. Limited
Dr T.W. Parker, Building Research Station, Garston, Watford
Sir Gordon Sutherland, F.R.S., National Physical Laboratory
Mr C.H.E. Warren, Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough
Dr J.P. Jones, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Dr D.M.A. Mercer, Physics Department
Professor P.B. Morice, Civil Engineering
Professor K.A. Munday, Physiology and Biochemistry
Professor G.D. Sims, Electronics
Professor B. Thwaites, Theoretical Mechanics (Mathematics)
Mr P.E. Doak
AIMS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE INSTITUTE OF SOUND AND VIBRATION RESEARCH
- To conduct the collaborative Postgraduate Course in Vibration and Noise Studies; later to provide further postgraduate courses in Applied Acoustics and Vibrations and to initiate courses of instruction in sound and vibration for undergraduate students of the University.
- To disseminate information about sound and vibration to professional groups and members of the public by means of conferences, special courses, extra-mural lectures, publications and private consultation.
- To conduct fundamental and applied researches on all aspects of sound and vibration.
- To engage in collaborative programmes of research and testing with other research and industrial bodies.
- To carry out such other functions as may be approved by the Board of the Faculty of Engineering, the Senate and the Council of the University.
INSTITUTE OF SOUND AND VIBRATION RESEARCH
STAFF LIST as at (1 June 1964)
Professor E.J. Richards
O.B.E., M.A., D.Sc., F.R.Ae.S.
|Administrative Officer||to be appointed|
|Secretary||Mrs O.G. Hyde|
|Reader||P.O.A.L. Davies, B.E., Ph.D., C.Eng., A.M.I.E.Aust|
|Hawker Siddeley Reader in Noise Research||P.E. Doak, B.S., B.A., M.S.|
|Senior Lecturer in Structural Vibrations||B.L. Clarkson, B.Sc., Ph.D., A.F.R.Ae.S.|
|Lecturer in Vibration Theory||G.M.L. Gladwell, B.Sc., Ph.D.|
|Lecturer in Industrial Acoustics||T. Priede, Ph.D., A.M.I.Mech.E.|
|Dawe Lecturer in Acoustic Instrumentation||P.L. Tanner, M.Sc. (Eng.), Dip. Elec. Grad. I.E.E.|
|(i) Named Fellowships|
|Shell Mex & B.P. Fellow||J.F. Wilby, B.Sc., M.Sc|
|British Aircraft Corporation Fellow||C.L. Morfey, B.A., M.Sc.|
|Rootes Research Fellow||M.J. Shelton, B.Sc.|
|(ii) Other Fellowships|
|Professor Emeritus E_E_ Zepler, Ph.D., M.I.E.R.E., Assoc. U.C.S.|
|F.J. Fahy, B.Sc.|
|M.J. Goodyer, D.C.Ae.|
|M. Petyt, B.Sc., M.Sc.|
|A.J. Pretlove, B.Sc. (Eng.), Ph.D.|
|I.J. Sharland, B.Sc. (Eng_)|
|C.G. Rice, B.Sc., M.Sc., A.lnst.P.|
|(iii) Visiting Fellowships|
|A. Dinkelacker, Dipl. Phys., Dr. Rer. Nat. (Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für Luft und Raumfahrt)|
|O. Dracka, Prom. Chem., C.Sc. (Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Prague)|
|K.H. Norsworthy, B.Sc., Ph.D. (Boeing Airplane Company)|
RESEARCH ASSISTANTS AND STUDENTS
|A.C. Austin, H.N.D.||C.A. Mercer, B.Sc. (Eng.)|
|D.R. Blackman, B.Mech.E., M.Eng.Sc.||G.J. McNulty, M.Sc.|
|R.L. Butchart, B.Sc.||P.J. Ratcliffe, B.Sc. (Eng.)|
|P.H. Dawe, M.A.||R.A. Scott, B.Sc. (Eng.)|
|M.J. Dwyer, B.Sc. (Eng.), M.Sc.||B. Shackcloth, B.Sc. (Eng.)|
|P.H. Harel, B.Sc. (Eng.)||S.J. Smith, D.C.Ae.|
|A.J. Hillier, Dip. Tech.||I.A. Simons, B.Sc. (Eng.)|
|N. Ko Wah Man, B.Sc. (Eng.)||C.W. Stammers, B.Sc.|
|M.T. Lowcock, B.Sc. (Eng.)||E.J. Walker, B.Sc. (Eng.)|
|V. Mason, B.Sc. (Eng.)||Mrs J.F. Wilby, B.A.|
TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL STAFF
|S. Banham (Miss)||S.D. O'Brien (Miss)|
|M.R. Bartlett||T.F. Kelley|
|D.J. Day||W.J. Ozman|
|L.J. Dykes||R.E. Pacifico|
|H.E. Eales||I. Peto|
|A.F. Gibbs||B. Poole|
|P. Gill (Miss)||A.L. Rogers|
|E.A. Greaves||R.W. Tee|
|H.W. Hemming||G.E. Wardell|
|M.L. Hyde||G. Williams (Miss)|
ASSOCIATES OF THE INSTITUTE OF SOUND AND VIBRATION RESEARCH
J.P. Jones, B.Sc. (Eng.), Ph.D. Aeronautics Department
M. Judd, B.Sc. (Eng.), Ph.D. Aeronautics Department
K.R. Maclachlan, A.M.Brit.I.R.E. Mechanical Engineering Department
D.J. Mead, D.C.Ae., Ph.D. Aeronautics Department
D.M.J. Mercer, M.A., B.Sc., Ph.D., A.M.I.E.E. Physics Department
P.C. Parks, M.A. Aeronautics Department
I. Torbe, M.Sc., Ph.D. Aeronautics Department
G.B. Trasler, M.A., B.Sc. (Econ.), Ph.D. Faculty of Economics
T.R.G. Williams, M.Sc., A.I.M. Mechanical Engineering Department